Star pine

Araucaria heterophylla | Also known as: Norfolk island pine, Araucaria excelsa | Rating: 0 votes | Print / Pdf

No England hasn't disowned Norfolk and pushed it off the coast, this Norfolk Island is in the South Pacific.

Araucaria heterophylla or Norfolk Island Pine is a cone-bearing evergreen that can grow large in height. Actually, its name’s a little confusing as it’s not a pine at all, but a narrow leafed plant with short, needle like leaves. It’s very versatile, as happy outside as it is being kept indoors, and because it’s slow growing, can easily be kept in a container and trimmed to keep it under control. It does like the light, however, and will be happiest when kept in good lighting conditions. The plant originates from, surprise, surprise, Norfolk Island, in the South Pacific. It’s a great choice for the novice grower, and requires minimal care.

Rate it:
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 25 - 45
Spread [m]
  • 6 - 8
Dominant flower colour
  • Inconspicuous or absent
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Foliage in spring
  • Green
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Foliage in Autumn
  • Green
Foliage in winter
  • Green
  • Yes, let it smell
Propagation methods
  • semi-ripe cuttings
  • seed
Growth habit
  • Conical
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z9-11
Heat zone
  • H12-9
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -7 - 4
Heat days
  • 120 - 210
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • Clay
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
  • Sheltered
Standard category
  • Exotic, house plants & other
  • House plants
Grown for
  • Ornamental Foliage
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • For Beginners
  • Author's choice
Garden type
  • Indoor or winter garden
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • 30 years or longer