Euonymus japonicus | Also known as: Japanese spindle | Rating: 7 votes | Print / Pdf

Spindle 'Ovatus Aureus:'this is an undemanding plant. Which is great, I hate those plants that insist I take them out for dinner and buy them diamonds all the time.

Euonymus japonicus or Japanese spindle is a large evergreen shrub that can grow to over 25 feet high. It's native to China, Korea and Japan. It has dark green and glossy oval leaves, if you look closely you will see that they have a serrated edge. It has small greenish white flowers, in the autumn the seed coverings are pink in colour from which hang orange coloured fruit. It's popularly used in parks and gardens as it will grow almost anywhere regardless of light levels or soil type. It's good for hedging and for topiary too.

Rate it:
Known dangers?
  • yes
Dangers: comments
  • Avoid eating this plant, or risk having mild stomach upset.
Height [m]
  • 2 - 4
Spread [m]
  • 2
Dominant flower colour
  • Inconspicuous or absent
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Flowering seasons
  • Late spring
  • Early summer
  • Mid summer
Foliage in spring
  • Variegated
Foliage in summer
  • Variegated
Foliage in Autumn
  • Variegated
Foliage in winter
  • Variegated
Propagation methods
  • semi-ripe cuttings
  • seed
Growth habit
  • Bushy
  • Compact
  • Upright
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z6-9
Heat zone
  • H9-1
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -23 - -1
Heat days
  • 0 - 150
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • Clay
  • chalky
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
  • Exposed
  • Sheltered
Standard category
  • Trees & shrubs
  • Shrubs
Grown for
  • Ornamental foliage, ornamental fruit and autumn colour
Creative category
  • For Beginners
  • Show-offs
  • Bonsai
  • Neighbour repellant
  • For every season
Garden type
  • Cottage garden
  • Containers
  • City
Garden spaces
  • Flower beds
  • Banks and slopes
  • Ground cover
  • Specimen
  • Hedges and screens
  • Borders
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • up to 10 years
18 Related plants

Spindle 'Green Spire'

PLANTS Euonymus japonicus 'Green Spire'

Euonymus japonicus 'Green Spire' is commonly called Japanese Spindle ‘Green Spire’ or Greenspire Euonymus. An evergreen shrub with dense dark green foliage, it's ideal for hedges and screens. It naturally grows narrow so is perfect for small spaces, it won't easily get out of control and is easy to trim to shape it. It needs plenty of watering, especially when it is getting established and during the hotter weather. It will grow best in partial shade with well-drained soil. If you need a narrow hedge then this is good choice.