Pine-leaved penstemon

Penstemon pinifolius | Also known as: pine needle beardtongue, pine needle penstemon | Rating: 0 votes | Print / Pdf

Pines and needles: pestemon piniolius has pine-leaves that resemble needles in appearance

The pine-leaved penstemon or Penstemon pinifolius has foliage that resembles needles in appearance, with exquisite trumpet-shaped flowers that are bright red. The pine-leaved penstemon thrives in full sunlight and is best suited to loamy, chalky and sandy soils that provide good drainage. This is an ideal plant choice for low-maintenance garden designs. It is an attractive option for flower beds and borders and looks just as lovely in city gardens as it does in wildlife gardens. The pine-leaved penstemon is also a cheerful splash of colour for cottage gardens and rock gardens.

Rate it:
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 0.4
Spread [m]
  • 0.25
Dominant flower colour
  • Red
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Flowering seasons
  • Early summer
  • Mid summer
  • Late summer
Foliage in spring
  • Green
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Foliage in Autumn
  • Green
Foliage in winter
  • Green
Propagation methods
  • semi-ripe cuttings
  • softwood cuttings
  • seed
  • division
Growth habit
  • Bushy
  • Spreading
  • Upright
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z4-10
Heat zone
  • H10-1
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -34 - 4
Heat days
  • 0 - 180
  • well-drained
Soil type
  • sandy
  • chalky
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Exposed
  • Sheltered
Standard category
  • Trees & shrubs
  • Shrubs
Grown for
  • Attractive Flowers
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • For Beginners
  • Colours
  • Show-offs
  • Roses & classics
  • For every season
  • Tough survivors
Garden type
  • Cottage garden
  • Rock garden
Garden spaces
  • Flower beds
  • Edging
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • 2 to 5 years
18 Related plants


PLANTS Penstemon

Penstemon is a genus of North American and East Asian flowering plants with spikes of unusual flower heads that look like an open mouth. The lower petal is hairy and it is this that gives it the common name of beard-tongue. The species of this genus range in height from just 10cm to over 3 metres. Native Americans used the root of this plant as a remedy for toothache. It's a popular garden plant and there are literally hundreds of hybrid varieties in a huge range of colours. They're native to both desert and alpine regions and so are very hardy in most climates.

Figwort 'Burgundy'

PLANTS Penstemon 'Burgundy' | -18°C - 4°C beginner Full sun, Partial shade

Figwort 'Evelyn'

PLANTS Penstemon 'Evelyn' | -18°C - 4°C beginner Full sun, Partial shade

Penstemon barbatus Nana Rondo

Beardlip penstemon

PLANTS Penstemon barbatus | -34°C - -1°C beginner Full sun

Penstemon barbatus which is commonly known as the Beardlip penstemon is an attention-grabbing plant that is sure to draw admirers wherever it is planted. The Beardlip penstemon has panicles of red trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom from late spring to the middle of summer and are attractive to the likes of insects such as butterflies as well as hummingbirds. The Beardlip penstemon is suited to well-drained loamy, chalky or sandy soil in areas of full sunlight or partial shade. This magnificent plant is a showstopper within mixed borders and is a beautiful means of adding striking colour to cottage garden and rock garden designs.

Penstemon digitalis

Foxglove penstemon

PLANTS Penstemon digitalis | -40°C - -7°C beginner Full sun, Partial shade

Penstemon digitalis which is commonly known as Foxglove penstemon has pretty clusters of trumpet-shaped flowers that are white with hints of purple. The leaves form basal rosettes and are commonly reddish-purple in colour. The Foxglove penstemon is an elegant plant that is well-suited to borders and beds. It can also be planted in containers, which is convenient if you want a flexible garden design where aspects can be changed easily. This versatile plant is a fine complement to many garden designs including city and cottage gardens, as well as coastal and courtyard gardens. This lovely plant is best grown in full sunlight within sandy, loamy or chalky soil that offers good drainage.

Foothill penstemon

PLANTS Penstemon heterophyllus | -18°C - 4°C beginner Full sun, Partial shade

The incredibly beautiful flowers of Penstemon heterophyllus, also known as Foothill penstemon, are sure to have people pausing in delight to admire them. The flowers are shaped like trumpets and are available in shades of blue and purple. This plant is best suited to well-drained loamy, chalky or sandy soil and should be placed in areas of full sunlight. Whether you’re looking to design a garden that is small or large, the Foothill penstemon can be used to great advantage thanks to its striking colours and versatility. This plant does well in beds and borders and is an enchanting addition to city and courtyard gardens as well as more informal cottage gardens and rock gardens.

Mountain pride

PLANTS Penstemon newberryi | -18°C - 4°C beginner Full sun

With penstemon newberryi or mountain pride in your garden you’ll definitely feel proud of your outdoor space. The abundance of stunning pinkish-red tube-shaped flowers makes this plant an excellent means of introducing vibrant colour to your garden design. Ideally suited to loamy, sandy or chalky soil that has good drainage, mountain pride should be grown in an area where it will receive full sunlight. As the name would suggest, this plant is perfect for rock and gravel gardens. Mountain pride is a good choice if you’re after a plant requiring little maintenance and its picturesque appearance will leave you feeling very chuffed every time you see it.