Ornamental cabbage

Brassica oleracea | Also known as: Ornamental kale | Rating: 1 votes | Print / Pdf

"Oh I do like to be beside the sea-side"

Brassica oleracea or wild cabbage is a native European plant. It struggles to grow with other plants, and it has a high tolerance for salt and lime so it's usually found in coastal areas growing on limestone cliffs. It grows a rosette of thick fleshy leaves, from which grows a tall spike of yellow flowers, up to seven feet high. It's an edible plant, rich in Vitamin C, and has been grown for eating for thousands of years. It has a slightly bitter taste and can be harvested all year round. It likes a moist soil with good drainage and will grow in most conditions but it isn't frost hardy. It will grow in full sun or partial shade.

Rate it:
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 0.2 - 0.3
Spread [m]
  • 0.25
Dominant flower colour
  • Green
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Foliage in Autumn
  • Green
Propagation methods
  • seed
Growth habit
  • Clump-forming
  • Irregular
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z6-11
Heat zone
  • H6-1
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -23 - 4
Heat days
  • 0 - 60
  • well-drained
Soil type
  • sandy
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Sheltered
Standard category
  • Vegetables & herbs
  • Vegetables
Grown for
  • Culinary use
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • Fast growing
  • Outdoor food
Garden type
  • Kitchen garden
Gardening expertise
  • intermediate
Time to reach full size
  • 1 to 2 years
14 Related plants

Ornamental cabbage 'Calabrais'

PLANTS Brassica oleracea 'Calabrais'

Brassica oleracea 'Calabrais' you'll know as Broccoli or Calabrese Broccoli. A tasty and healthy vegetable. A member of the cabbage family, it has a dense solid flower head that looks like a little tree. It is this flower head that you eat. Broccoli was first cultivated around 6BC. It was introduced into England in the 18th century but didn't become popular in America until the 1920s. Broccoli is high in fibre and high in vitamin C. It grows best in colder weather and will suffer if the summer weather gets too hot. If you're planning on eating your broccoli plant you should pick it before the flowers bud bloom. If allowed to bloom you will get small yellow flowers.