Norway spruce

Picea abies | Also known as: Baltic whitewood, European spruce, Common spruce, Spruce fir | Rating: 1 votes | Print / Pdf

The Norway pine is a great way to entice birds into your garden, like a collossal cone-shaped bird feeder.

The grand, cone-shaped appearance of Picea abies or Norway spruce makes this tree a prominent feature of any garden, with needle-like foliage that you can’t help but want to reach out and brush your hand along. This tree produces red-brown hanging cones and is a good option if you want to entice birds into your garden. Norway spruce should be planted in an area that receives lots of sunlight. This gorgeous tree does best in moist, acidic soil that offers excellent drainage. Norway spruce is a stunning choice for large open spaces such as sprawling lawns and also looks beautiful in woodland areas or serving as a truly majestic screen.

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Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 20 - 40
Spread [m]
  • 6
Dominant flower colour
  • Inconspicuous or absent
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Foliage in spring
  • Green
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Foliage in Autumn
  • Green
Foliage in winter
  • Green
Propagation methods
  • semi-ripe cuttings
  • seed
Growth habit
  • Broadly columnar
  • Conical
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
Hardiness zone
  • Z3-8
Heat zone
  • H8-1
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -40 - -7
Heat days
  • 0 - 120
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • Clay
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Exposed
  • Sheltered
Standard category
  • Trees & shrubs
  • Conifers
Grown for
  • Ornamental Foliage
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • For Beginners
  • Show-offs
  • Bonsai
  • For every season
  • Tough survivors
Garden type
  • Park
  • City
Garden spaces
  • Specimen
  • Architectural
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • 30 years or longer
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