Carpinus betulus | Rating: 1 votes | Print / Pdf

Make way for the hornbeam! If you’re thinking of planting this colourful tree in your garden, you might want to think twice as when she grows up, she’s a monster!

Carpinus betulus is commonly known as the Hornbeam. The name of this tree comes from the solidity of the wood. It is as strong as a beam made from horn. It has attractive serrated edge leaves with a corrugated texture and grows catkins in the spring. The fruit is a small nut. The wood of the hornbeam is so tough it is rarely used in carpentry as it is hard to work with. However it has been used when an especially tough wood is a distinct advantage such as for gear pegs in windmills. The Hornbeam can grow between 10 and 20 metres in height.

Rate it:
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 25
Spread [m]
  • 20
Dominant flower colour
  • Yellow
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Flowering seasons
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
Foliage in spring
  • Green
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Foliage in Autumn
  • Yellow
Propagation methods
  • Greenwood cuttings
  • grafting
  • seed
  • budding
Growth habit
  • Pyramidal
  • Rounded
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z4-8
Heat zone
  • H8-1
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -34 - -7
Heat days
  • 0 - 120
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • Clay
  • chalky
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
  • Exposed
  • Sheltered
Standard category
  • Trees & shrubs
  • Trees
Grown for
  • Ornamental foliage, habit and autumn colour
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • For Beginners
  • Show-offs
  • Bonsai
  • Neighbour repellant
Garden type
  • Woodland
  • Park
Garden spaces
  • Specimen
  • Hedges and screens
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • 30 years or longer
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