Grape

Vitis | Also known as: Grapevine | Rating: 3 votes | Print / Pdf

Grapes. Where would we be without them?

The Grape is an extremely popular fruit, so it is hardly unusual the Vitis genus might be grown at home. But grapevines are not only used to harvest fruit. They are excellent climbers, with their large, lobed leaves revitalizing mundane walls and trellises in summer before turning inspiring shades of gold and copper in autumn. Some species provide dense panicles of extremely fragrant white or light green flowers, filling the air with the sweet aroma, with bunches of round, succulent fruits appearing later. Grapevines require deep, richly fertile, loam soil to thrive. Growing under glass is ideal, though a sheltered spot and sufficient protection can see it prosper outdoors too.

Rate it:
Plant
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 1.3 - 3.5
Spread [m]
  • 2 - 4
Dominant flower colour
  • Inconspicuous or absent
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Flowering seasons
  • Early summer
  • Mid summer
Foliage in spring
  • Green
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Foliage in Autumn
  • Yellow
Propagation methods
  • grafting
  • seed
  • layering
  • Hardwood cuttings
Growth habit
  • Climbing
Environment
Acidity
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z4-9
Heat zone
  • H9-1
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -34 - -1
Heat days
  • 0 - 150
Moisture
  • well-drained
Soil type
  • sandy
  • chalky
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
Exposure
  • Sheltered
Usage
Standard category
  • Climbers
Grown for
  • Ornamental Foliage
Garden type
  • Cottage garden
  • Mediterranean garden
Garden spaces
  • Walls, trellises and pergolas
  • Camouflage
Gardening expertise
  • intermediate
Time to reach full size
  • up to 20 years