Figwort

Penstemon | Also known as: Penstemon | Rating: 0 votes | Print / Pdf

Figwort: look past the name, this plant in no way resembles figs, or warts or warty figs.

Penstemon is a genus of North American and East Asian flowering plants with spikes of unusual flower heads that look like an open mouth. The lower petal is hairy and it is this that gives it the common name of beard-tongue. The species of this genus range in height from just 10cm to over 3 metres. Native Americans used the root of this plant as a remedy for toothache. It's a popular garden plant and there are literally hundreds of hybrid varieties in a huge range of colours. They're native to both desert and alpine regions and so are very hardy in most climates.

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Plant
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 2
Spread [m]
  • 0.65
Dominant flower colour
  • Red
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Flowering seasons
  • Early spring
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Early summer
  • Mid summer
Foliage in spring
  • Variegated
Foliage in summer
  • Variegated
Foliage in Autumn
  • Variegated
Foliage in winter
  • Variegated
Propagation methods
  • semi-ripe cuttings
  • softwood cuttings
  • seed
  • division
Growth habit
  • Upright
Environment
Acidity
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z3-9
Heat zone
  • H8-1
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -40 - -1
Heat days
  • 0 - 120
Moisture
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • chalky
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Exposure
  • Exposed
  • Sheltered
Usage
Standard category
  • Flowers & bulbs
  • Perennials
Grown for
  • Attractive Flowers
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • For Beginners
  • Colours
  • Show-offs
  • Roses & classics
  • Tough survivors
Garden type
  • Cottage garden
Garden spaces
  • Flower beds
  • Borders
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • 2 to 5 years