Cook pine

Araucaria columnaris | Also known as: New Caledonian pine, Araucaria cookii | Rating: 0 votes | Print / Pdf

Cook's Pine, ideal for pine stew, pine bolognaise, and tasty pine pizza.

Araucaria columnaris is an evergreen tree that can grow very large, with a characteristic ‘column’ of dense, horizontal branches. It’s native to New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands, getting its common name of Cook's Pine from the fact that Captain Cook discovered the species on his travels to the Pacific region. Of course, you need plenty of room if you want to allow it to reach its full height, but it can be a striking choice on a large expanse of lawn. It’s a tough tree, and as long as you keep it small and trimmed, it can also be grown in containers and kept indoors or out.

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Plant
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 30 - 50
Spread [m]
  • 3 - 6
Dominant flower colour
  • Inconspicuous or absent
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Foliage in spring
  • Green
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Foliage in Autumn
  • Green
Foliage in winter
  • Green
Propagation methods
  • semi-ripe cuttings
  • seed
Growth habit
  • Conical
  • Narrowly columnar
  • Upright
Environment
Acidity
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z9-11
Heat zone
  • H12-9
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -7 - 4
Heat days
  • 120 - 210
Moisture
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • Clay
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Exposure
  • Sheltered
Usage
Standard category
  • Trees & shrubs
  • Conifers
Grown for
  • Ornamental Foliage
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • For Beginners
  • Show-offs
Garden type
  • Woodland
  • Park
  • Cottage garden
Garden spaces
  • Specimen
  • Architectural
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • 30 years or longer