Common beech 'Dawyck Purple'

Fagus sylvatica 'Dawyck Purple' | Also known as: European beech 'Dawyck Purple' | Rating: 3 votes | Print / Pdf

Fagus sylvatica is commonly called Common beech or European beech. It's a large deciduous tree that can grow up to 160ft tall. It has yellowy green leaves that turn to reddish brown in the autumn. It has small catkin flowers, then the beechnuts appear. These are eaten by birds and rodents, and historically by humans too, although they can be toxic if too many are eaten. In the 19th Century the nuts were pressed to create oil for cooking and lamp light, and also ground into flour. The timber of the beech tree is very fine and easy to work with so it's often used in the production of furniture.

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Plant
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 20
Spread [m]
  • 5
Dominant flower colour
  • Inconspicuous or absent
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Foliage in spring
  • Pink or purple
Foliage in summer
  • Pink or purple
Foliage in Autumn
  • Pink or purple
Propagation methods
  • grafting
  • seed
Growth habit
  • Upright
Environment
Acidity
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z4-7
Heat zone
  • H7-4
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -34 - -12
Heat days
  • 14 - 90
Moisture
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • chalky
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
Exposure
  • Sheltered
Usage
Standard category
  • Trees & shrubs
  • Trees
Grown for
  • Ornamental foliage, habit and autumn colour
Creative category
  • For Beginners
  • Show-offs
  • Bonsai
  • Neighbour repellant
Garden type
  • Woodland
  • Park
Garden spaces
  • Specimen
  • Pleeching
  • Hedges and screens
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • 30 years or longer
7 Related plants
Fagus sylvatica

Common beech

PLANTS Fagus sylvatica

Fagus sylvatica is commonly called Common beech or European beech. It's a large deciduous tree that can grow up to 160ft tall. It has yellowy green leaves that turn to reddish brown in the autumn. It has small catkin flowers, then the beechnuts appear. These are eaten by birds and rodents, and historically by humans too, although they can be toxic if too many are eaten. In the 19th Century the nuts were pressed to create oil for cooking and lamp light, and also ground into flour. The timber of the beech tree is very fine and easy to work with so it's often used in the production of furniture.