Chile pine

Araucaria araucana | Also known as: Monkey puzzle, Chilean pine | Rating: 7 votes | Print / Pdf

Monkey puzzle: if you've got some monkeys you'd like to puzzle then get one of these, even if you haven't get one anyway as they're stunning.

Araucaria araucana is commonly known as Chile pine or Monkey puzzle. This spectacular tree is ideal for a focal point in your garden. It really is different from any other tree, it will truly stand out from the crowd. The firm rather spiky leaves overlap and grow in angular branches in spirals around the tree. It would surely puzzle a monkey wishing to climb it, hence the name. The monkey puzzle tree does grow to a large size, both in height and spread, so make sure you have plenty of room for it before you plant this one! However if you do have the space for it, it is a low maintenance tree and a very unusual centerpiece for your garden. Plant it in a sunny position, it will tolerate most types of soil.

Rate it:
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 15 - 25
Spread [m]
  • 7 - 10
Dominant flower colour
  • Inconspicuous or absent
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Foliage in spring
  • Green
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Foliage in Autumn
  • Green
Foliage in winter
  • Green
Propagation methods
  • semi-ripe cuttings
  • seed
Growth habit
  • Rounded
  • Upright
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z7-11
Heat zone
  • H12-6
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -18 - 4
Heat days
  • 45 - 210
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • Clay
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
  • Sheltered
Standard category
  • Trees & shrubs
  • Conifers
Grown for
  • Ornamental Foliage
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • For Beginners
  • Show-offs
  • For every season
Garden type
  • Woodland
  • Park
  • Cottage garden
Garden spaces
  • Specimen
  • Architectural
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • 30 years or longer