Black bamboo

Phyllostachys nigra | Also known as: Kuro-chiku, Whangee cane | Rating: 4 votes | Print / Pdf

Keep out nosy neighbours with 5 metre tall black bamboo.

Phyllostachys nigra or black bamboo is native to China. It will grow up to 16ft high and 10ft wide. It's called black bamboo as when they mature, the stems take on a black hue. These cane stems are long and arching, and the leaves are lance-shaped and green, growing prolifically towards the upper ends of the canes. These leaves can grow up to 12cm long. The bamboo canes of this species have been used to make musical instruments and also used for food. It's an attractive plant with its grooved canes and works well as an interesting architectural hedge. It likes a moist soil and either full sun or partial shade.

Rate it:
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 3 - 5
Spread [m]
  • 2 - 3
Dominant flower colour
  • Inconspicuous or absent
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Foliage in spring
  • Green
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Foliage in Autumn
  • Green
Foliage in winter
  • Green
  • Yes, let it smell
Propagation methods
  • division
Growth habit
  • Arching
  • Clump-forming
  • Upright
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z7-11
Heat zone
  • H12-4
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -18 - 4
Heat days
  • 14 - 210
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
  • Sheltered
Standard category
  • Grasses, ferns & bamboo
  • Bamboos
Grown for
  • Ornamental foliage and habit
Creative category
  • For Beginners
  • Show-offs
  • Bonsai
  • Neighbour repellant
  • For every season
  • Author's choice
Garden type
  • Woodland
  • Containers
Garden spaces
  • Specimen
  • Architectural
  • Hedges and screens
  • Borders
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • up to 20 years
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