Beaked hazelnut

Corylus cornuta | Rating: 0 votes | Print / Pdf

Beaked hazelnut needs 90 frost-free days to thrive - that's probably what Richard Nixon hoped for

Corylus cornuta, or the beaked hazelnut as it’s often called, is a medium-sized deciduous shrub that produces yellow flowers in early spring. It’s extremely hardy, and as long as it gets 90 frost-free days each year, it normally thrives. Whilst it will grow fine in most soil types, it does need a moderate amount of water, so it's not really suitable for growing in especially dry locations. Beaked hornbeams are relatively fast-growing. They can be shaped into a medium height hedge and are very resistant to fire, making them good to grow as a garden boundary.

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Plant
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 1 - 4
Spread [m]
  • 1.5 - 2
Dominant flower colour
  • Green
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Flowering seasons
  • Early spring
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Early summer
Foliage in spring
  • Green
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Foliage in Autumn
  • Green
Propagation methods
  • grafting
  • seed
  • layering
Growth habit
  • Upright
Environment
Acidity
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z5-7
Heat zone
  • H7-5
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -29 - -12
Heat days
  • 30 - 90
Moisture
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • chalky
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
  • Full shade
Exposure
  • Exposed
  • Sheltered
Usage
Standard category
  • Fruits & nuts
  • Nuts
Grown for
  • Ornamental foliage, catkins and nuts
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • Simple food
  • For Beginners
  • We love the dark
  • Show-offs
  • Outdoor food
  • Neighbour repellant
Garden type
  • Cottage garden
  • Kitchen garden
Garden spaces
  • Shade
  • Specimen
  • Hedges and screens
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • up to 20 years