Ocimum basilicum | Also known as: Sweet Basil, Lemon basil, Common basil, Greek basil | Rating: 0 votes | Print / Pdf

Known to one and all, basil has to be one of the most delicious herbs going – simply get planting and get cooking! Pesto anyone?

Ocimum basilicum you'll likely know as the culinery herb basil. Originally from India, basil is used in a lot of Italian dishes. The name basil comes from the Greek word basileus meaning king, Basil is a very versatile ingredient. The leaves can easily be blanched and frozen so you can use it at your leisure. It's gorgeous eaten fresh, added to a sandwich for example, or cooked in a dish for added flavour. Add it at the last minute though as cooking reduces the intensity of the flavour. It is the main ingredient of pesto, which is also easy to make yourself. Basil is very sensitive to cold so it is best grown indoors on a windowsill unless you live in a very warm climate. It is also very prone to aphids.

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Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 0.3 - 0.5
Spread [m]
  • 0.5
Dominant flower colour
  • Varies
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Flowering seasons
  • Late summer
  • Early autumn
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Propagation methods
  • seed
Growth habit
  • Bushy
  • Clump-forming
  • Erect
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z9-11
Heat zone
  • H11-1
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -7 - 4
Heat days
  • 0 - 210
  • well-drained
Soil type
  • sandy
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Sheltered
Standard category
  • Vegetables & herbs
  • Herbs
Grown for
  • Culinary use
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • Fast growing
  • For Beginners
  • Outdoor food
Garden type
  • Containers
  • Kitchen garden
  • City
Garden spaces
  • Borders
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • Less than one year
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