Angelica archangelica | Also known as: St. Michael's flower, Ground ash, Holy ghost, Archangel | Rating: 3 votes | Print / Pdf

Not much of a looker but damn good to eat

Angelica archangelica also goes by the names Holy Ghost and Wild celery. It is grown mainly for its edible roots and fluted stems that resemble celery stalks, rather than for ornamental purposes. It will grow to six feet in height. The leaves are made up of several toothed leaflets. It has clusters of umbrella shaped flowers that are green in colour. It's been grown for both culinary and medicinal purposes since the 10th century. It's used as a flavouring, and the stems are candied to be used as a cake topping. It's also used as a remedy for digestive ailments.

Rate it:
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 2
Spread [m]
  • 1.2
Dominant flower colour
  • Yellow
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Flowering seasons
  • Early summer
  • Mid summer
Foliage in summer
  • Green
  • Yes, let it smell
Propagation methods
  • seed
Growth habit
  • Open stems
  • Spreading
  • Upright
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z4-9
Heat zone
  • H9-1
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -34 - -1
Heat days
  • 0 - 150
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • Clay
  • chalky
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
  • Exposed
  • Sheltered
Standard category
  • Flowers & bulbs
  • Wild flowers
Grown for
  • Architectural, culinary use and Medicinal use
Creative category
  • Fast growing
  • For Beginners
  • Show-offs
  • Pond plants
  • Author's choice
Garden type
  • Woodland
  • Cottage garden
  • Pond
  • Wildlife gardens
  • Meadows
Garden spaces
  • Flower beds
  • Specimen
  • Architectural
  • Borders
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • 1 to 2 years