American hornbeam

Carpinus caroliniana | Rating: 1 votes | Print / Pdf

Tall, gorgeous & hardy -just like Brad Pitt

Carpinus caroliniana, also known as the American hornbeam, is a gorgeous, hardy deciduous tree that grows well in a range of soil types. In the spring it produces small flowers. American hornbeam isn’t resistant to drought, so it should be given plenty of water throughout dry spells. American hornbeams are slow-growing. When fully mature, they can get very tall, so hornbeams need to be carefully placed within a garden setting. They naturally grow upright so are best used as standard trees as they won’t tolerate being forced into hedge-like structures.

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Plant
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 6.5 - 10
Spread [m]
  • 6 - 12
Dominant flower colour
  • Green
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Flowering seasons
  • Late winter
Foliage in spring
  • Yellow
Foliage in summer
  • Yellow
Foliage in Autumn
  • Yellow
Propagation methods
  • Greenwood cuttings
  • grafting
  • seed
  • budding
Growth habit
  • Rounded
Environment
Acidity
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z3-9
Heat zone
  • H9-1
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -40 - -1
Heat days
  • 0 - 150
Moisture
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • Clay
  • chalky
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Exposure
  • Exposed
  • Sheltered
Usage
Standard category
  • Trees & shrubs
  • Trees
Grown for
  • Ornamental foliage, habit and autumn colour
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • For Beginners
  • Show-offs
  • Bonsai
Gardening expertise
  • beginner
Time to reach full size
  • 30 years or longer