Potato

Solanum tuberosum | Rating: 0 votes | Print / Pdf

Keep your eyes peeled for the potatoes' attractive flowers

A mainstay of any vegetable garden, Solanum tuberosum is more commonly known as the Potato. For those unfamiliar with the plant, it will come as some surprise just how attractive the plant can be in bloom. Its bushy foliage is mid-green with thin, often crinkled, oval leaves and in summer, small white blossoms emerge. Of course, the purpose is to harvest the potato tuber that develops underground, and with hundreds of cultivars, the selection of potato types is vast - from the red-skinned King Edward to the light brown Charlotte. Moist, well-drained slightly alkaline soil is preferred. Frost can be damaging, so keep as sheltered as possible.

Rate it:
Plant
Known dangers?
  • no
Height [m]
  • 0.5 - 0.7
Spread [m]
  • 0.3
Dominant flower colour
  • Purple
Flower Fragrance
  • No, neutral please
Flowering seasons
  • Early summer
  • Mid summer
  • Late summer
  • Early autumn
  • Mid autumn
Foliage in spring
  • Green
Foliage in summer
  • Green
Propagation methods
  • seed
  • Root tubers
Growth habit
  • Clump-forming
Environment
Acidity
  • Acidic
  • Neutral
  • Alkaline
Hardiness zone
  • Z1-7
Heat zone
  • H12-3
Winter temperatures [°C]
  • -46 - -12
Heat days
  • 7 - 210
Moisture
  • well-drained
  • well-drained but frequently watered
Soil type
  • sandy
  • Clay
  • chalky
  • loams
Sun requirements
  • Full sun
Exposure
  • Sheltered
Usage
Standard category
  • Vegetables & herbs
  • Vegetables
Grown for
  • Edible fruit
Creative category
  • Kid Approved
  • Outdoor food
Garden type
  • Kitchen garden
Gardening expertise
  • intermediate
Time to reach full size
  • 2 to 5 years
18 Related plants